“It matters not what someone is born, but what they grow to be.”
Philippine literature is literature associated with the Philippines from prehistory, through its colonial legacies, and on to the present. Pre-Hispanic Philippine literature was actually epics passed on from generation to generation, originally through an oral tradition.
Noli Me Tángere, Latin for “Touch me not”, is an 1887 novel by José Rizal during the colonization of the Philippines by Spain to describe perceived inequities of the Spanish Catholic friars and the ruling government.
José Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere played a crucial role in the political history of the Philippines.
The Noli Me Tangere can be regarded as a historical novel, as it has mostly fictional characters and historical persons. Rizal’s description of the lavish fiesta showed the comic antics at church and the ridiculous expense for one day of festivities. The Noli me Tangere is a similar theme of longing and unfulfillment.
Japanese literature were heavily influenced by cultural contact with China and Chinese literature, and were often written in Classical Chinese. Indian literature also had an influence through the spread of Buddhism in Japan.
The ‘World Within Walls’ project aims to remember St. Davnet’s history and explore its evolution from District Asylum in 1869, to a psychiatric hospital and now to its present role as a modern community mental health services campus. He also wrote numerous books in both English and Japanese including Dawn to the West and Travelers of the Ages. In 1985, he became the first non-Japanese to receive the Yomiuri Prize for Literature for literary criticism. He became a Japanese citizen in 2012. He died on February 24, 2019 at the age of 96.
South and West Asia
Hindu literary traditions dominate a large part of Indian culture. Apart from the Vedas, which are a sacred form of knowledge, there are other works such as the Hindu epics Ramayana and Mahabharata, treatises such as Vaastu Shastra in architecture and town planning, and Arthashastra in political science.
It is a story about the childhood experiences of fraternal twins whose lives are destroyed by the “Love Laws” that lay down “who should be loved, and how. And how much.” The book explores how the small things affect people’s behavior and their lives. The book also reflects its irony against casteism, which is a major discrimination that prevails in India. It won the Booker Prize in 1997.
Anglo-America and Europe
American literature is literature predominantly written or produced in English in the United States of America and its preceding colonies. Before the founding of the United States, the British colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States were heavily influenced by English literature.
Henry James was one of the most prolific writers of the 19th century. His most famous works included The Portrait of a Lady (1881), The Bostonians (1886), and The Ambassadors (1903). Many of his tales, including “The Figure in the Carpet” (1896) and The Turn of the Screw (1898), are still widely read.
The novel is an uneasy combination of social comedy and melodrama concerning the adventures and misadventures of Christopher Newman, an essentially good-hearted but rather gauche American businessman on his first tour of Europe. Newman is looking for a world different from the simple, harsh realities of 19th-century American business. He encounters both the beauty and the ugliness of Europe, and learns not to take either for granted. The core of the novel concerns Newman’s courtship of a young widow from an aristocratic Parisian family.
African literature is literature of or from Africa and includes oral literature. As George Joseph notes in his chapter on African literature in Understanding Contemporary Africa, whereas European views.
Things Fall Apart is the debut novel by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe, first published in 1958. Its story chronicles pre-colonial life in the southeastern part of Nigeria and the arrival of Europeans during the late 19th century.
Latin American literature consists of the oral and written literature of Latin America in several languages, particularly in Spanish, Portuguese, and the indigenous languages of the Americas as well as literature of the United States written in the Spanish language.
Jorge Luis Borges most famous works include Universal History of Infamy (1935), Ficciones (1944), The Aleph (1949), and The Book of Sand (1975). All of them deal with fictional places and toy with the idea of infinity and mythical creatures that immerse the reader in magical worlds.
The Book of Sand” (Spanish: El libro de arena) is a 1975 short story by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges about the discovery of a book with infinite pages. It has parallels to the same author’s 1949 story “The Zahir” (revised in 1974), continuing the theme of self-reference and attempting to abandon the terribly infinite, and to his 1941 story “The Library of Babel” about an infinite library.